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Interest (various types):
Interest has several meanings when it comes to real estate. 1) It's a right or ownership in a property. 2) It's the extra money you pay to a lender for letting you borrow money to buy the property, like renting the money itself.
1) John and Jane are married and buy a house together. They have a fee simple interest in the property, which means they both have full ownership and control over the house, and they can sell, lease, or pass it on to their children.
2) Jane takes out a loan to start a business, and the bank requires her to use the house as collateral. In this case, the bank has a lien (a type of interest) on the property. If Jane fails to repay the loan, the bank has the right to sell the property to recover the money owed.
"A Deep Dive for Real Estate Agents and Appraisers"
There are several types of interest that someone could have in a real estate property:
Fee Simple Interest: This is the highest level of ownership interest one can have in a property. The owner has complete control over the property, including the right to sell, lease, or pass it on to heirs, subject to any government regulations or restrictions.
Leasehold Interest: This type of interest occurs when a property owner (the lessor) grants another party (the lessee) the right to use and occupy the property for a specified period under the terms of a lease agreement. The lessee has a leasehold interest in the property, while the property owner retains a reversionary interest, which is the right to regain possession of the property when the lease expires.
Life Estate Interest: A life estate interest is when someone has the right to use and occupy a property for the duration of their life or the life of another person. Upon the death of the life tenant, the property reverts to a designated party, called a remainderman.
Easement: An easement is a non-possessory interest that allows a person the right to use another person's property for a specific purpose, such as accessing their own property, utility lines, or drainage. The property owner still retains ownership but is limited in how they can use the portion of the property subject to the easement.
Lien: A lien is a claim or legal interest that a creditor has in a debtor's property. It serves as security for a debt, such as a mortgage, property tax lien, or mechanics lien. The debtor retains ownership, but the property cannot be sold without satisfying the lien.
Encroachment: This is an unauthorized interest in someone else's property. It occurs when a person's property, like a fence or building, extends onto another person's property without their consent.
License: A license is a temporary, revocable, and non-assignable interest that allows a person to use another person's property for a specific purpose, such as attending an event or parking a vehicle. It does not transfer any ownership rights.
These are some of the main types of interest that someone could have in a real estate property. Each type of interest has its own rules and regulations, affecting how the property can be used, transferred, or encumbered.
"Wit & Whimsy with the Dumb Ox: Unlocking Knowledge with Rhyme:"
In the realm of homes and land,
Interest types go hand in hand.
Two meanings once, now more you see,
Let's explore them, one, two, three!
Fee simple, highest claim,
Full ownership is its fame.
Sell or lease, or pass along,
This interest type is very strong.
Leasehold interest, hear the tale,
A tenant's right, it does unveil.
They use the space, but not to own,
When the lease ends, they've been dethroned.
Life estate, a time to dwell,
Until life's end, it does foretell.
Upon their passing, it returns,
To the remainderman, it adjourns.
Easements, liens, and licenses too,
Different interests, old and new.
In the world of homes and cheer,
Interest types are always near.