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Define Property Operating Income Statement in Real Estate

Property Operating Income Statement: 

A Property Operating Income Statement is a report that shows how much money a property, like an apartment building or a shopping center, makes and spends over a certain period of time. This statement helps the property owner understand if their property is making a profit or losing money, by comparing the money coming in (like rent payments) to the money going out (like repair costs or taxes).


Let's say Mr. Davis owns a small apartment building, and he wants to see how well it's doing financially. He creates a Property Operating Income Statement for the past year. The statement shows that the building brought in $100,000 in rent payments from the tenants. However, Mr. Davis also had to spend money on various expenses, like $20,000 for maintenance and repairs, $10,000 for property taxes, and $5,000 for insurance. By looking at the Property Operating Income Statement, Mr. Davis can see that his apartment building made a profit of $65,000 ($100,000 in rent minus $45,000 in expenses) over the past year.

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A few more points to keep in mind about the Property Operating Income Statement:

Different timeframes: Property Operating Income Statements can be prepared for various time periods, such as monthly, quarterly, or annually. The choice of timeframe depends on the owner's preference and the level of detail needed for analysis.

Categories of income and expenses: The statement typically includes various categories of income, such as rent, late fees, or laundry revenue, and expenses, like maintenance, utilities, insurance, and property management fees. Organizing the statement into categories helps the owner understand the sources of income and the types of expenses involved in operating the property.

Net Operating Income (NOI): One of the key figures in a Property Operating Income Statement is the Net Operating Income, which is calculated by subtracting the total operating expenses from the total income. NOI represents the amount of money the property generates after covering all the operating costs, and it's a crucial indicator of the property's financial performance.

Non-operating items: Property Operating Income Statements typically focus on income and expenses directly related to operating the property. However, they may also include non-operating items, such as capital expenditures (like roof replacement or major renovations) or mortgage payments, as separate line items. These non-operating items are important for the owner to consider, but they are not included in the calculation of Net Operating Income.

Analyzing performance: Property Operating Income Statements are useful for analyzing the performance of a property over time and comparing it to similar properties in the market. By monitoring the statement regularly, property owners can identify trends, such as increasing maintenance costs or decreasing rental income, and make informed decisions about managing their property.

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In the land of real estate, where properties abound,
An Income Statement helps owners see what's financially sound.
It's a report that shows money coming in and going out,
So owners can understand what their property's about.

Imagine Mr. Davis, with an apartment he owns,
Wants to see how it's doing, in numbers and tones.
He creates a statement for a year that has passed,
To check if his building is making money fast.

With tenants who pay him, a hundred grand it seems,
He subtracts all the costs, to find out what it means.
Maintenance, taxes, and insurance he pays,
The total expenses, they all come into play.

Subtracting the costs, the profit's revealed,
Sixty-five thousand dollars, his building has sealed.
So with this handy statement, like Dr. Seuss would approve,
Property owners can see how their investments improve!

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