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"Acceleration" in real estate is when a lender, like a bank, has the right to demand that a borrower pay back their entire loan immediately if they break certain rules of their loan agreement. It's a way for lenders to protect themselves if they think the borrower might not be able to pay back the loan as agreed.
Samantha took out a mortgage to buy a house, and one of the rules in her loan agreement is that she must make her monthly payments on time. If she misses several payments, the bank has the right to use the acceleration clause, which means they can ask her to pay the entire remaining loan balance right away.
"A Deep Dive for Real Estate Agents and Appraisers"
A few more aspects related to acceleration in real estate and mortgages that you should be aware of:
Acceleration Clause: The acceleration clause is a provision in the mortgage contract that outlines the conditions under which the lender can demand full repayment of the loan. It's important for borrowers to understand the specific terms and conditions of their acceleration clauses to avoid triggering them unintentionally.
Foreclosure: If a borrower is unable to pay the remaining balance of the loan after it has been accelerated, the lender may initiate foreclosure proceedings to recover their investment. Foreclosure involves the legal process of repossessing the property and selling it to repay the outstanding mortgage debt.
Cure Period: In some cases, the mortgage agreement may include a "cure period," which allows the borrower a certain amount of time to resolve the issue that triggered the acceleration clause (e.g., making up for missed payments). If the borrower successfully remedies the problem within the cure period, the acceleration process may be halted, and the mortgage can continue under its original terms.
Reinstatement: Some mortgage agreements may allow the borrower to reinstate the loan after acceleration if they can pay the past-due amounts, any late fees, and legal costs incurred by the lender. This option can help the borrower avoid foreclosure and maintain ownership of the property.
Communication with Lenders: Borrowers who are struggling to make mortgage payments or who have triggered an acceleration clause should communicate with their lenders as soon as possible. Lenders may be willing to work with borrowers to develop a repayment plan or offer loan modification options to avoid acceleration and foreclosure.
As you study for your real estate agent or appraiser exam, it's essential to understand the concept of acceleration and its implications for borrowers, lenders, and real estate transactions. This knowledge can help you provide valuable information and guidance to your clients when dealing with properties that have existing mortgages.
"Wit & Whimsy with the Dumb Ox: Unlocking Knowledge with Rhyme:"
Acceleration, a term you might find,
In the world of real estate, of the lending kind.
When borrowers break rules, and lenders grow wary,
This clause can be used, to make matters less scary.
If payments are missed, or rules are not followed,
The lender may act, so they're not feeling hollowed.
The whole loan comes due, a demand oh so fast,
Acceleration, my friend, helps lenders feel steadfast.